If used perfectly, few will become pregnant using most methods available. But, when we look at typical use – so taking into account when mistakes happen – the effectiveness of some methods is much lower. The most effective methods are the ones where the user doesn’t have to remember to do anything or follow instructions every time they have sex.
The diagram below shows the methods that are most effective with typical use:
A doctor or nurse can help you decide which method would suit you best.
If you’d like to think through your options try the FPA “My contraception” tool by clicking here.
Remember, the only methods of contraception that protect against STIs are male and female condoms. For the best protection against pregnancy and STIs, always use condoms and another method.
The bacteria infect the cervix (neck of the womb), urethra (tube where the urine comes out), rectum (back passage) and sometimes even the eyes or throat.
You can’t catch chlamydia from hugging, kissing, swimming pools, toilets, sharing towels or sharing cups, plates or cutlery.